Please read: I am receiving 50+ emails daily asking the same question so I need to put this here. So for all of you that are asking for “the best” brand recommendation: there is no “the BEST” brand and different brands work best for different conditions and issues. However I am always recommending choosing verified production since it’s your high quality and safety guarantee. The one brand I can vouch for is Verified CBD – https://verifiedcbd.com
Every Day Optimal provides CBD isolate options for anyone in the family. They offer variety in potency, ingestion, and specialty. From daily supplementation to more intense chronic pain options, they ensure that customers find their optimal CBD levels. D-Stress thoughtfully combines CBD with 6 ingredients, like passiflora and magnesium, that support stress relief. Fibro Relief provides an alternative for pain relief combined with 17 added vitamins and minerals. Delicious candy-like gummies make supplementing with CBD a fun treat when you need it for occasional pain relief.
Please read: I am receiving 50+ emails daily asking the same question so I need to put this here. So for all of you that are asking for “the best” brand recommendation: there is no “the BEST” brand and different brands work best for different conditions and issues. However I am always recommending choosing verified production since it’s your high quality and safety guarantee. The one brand I can vouch for is Verified CBD – https://verifiedcbd.com

Does the use of CBD oil have side effects? CBD is a natural substance, a cannabinoid from the cannabis/hemp plant, whose positive properties on the human organism are not only attributed by scientists and physicians but by people all over the world who have experienced its healing and therapeutic abilities. Even though it is a natural substance and because of the fact that we have our own cannabinoid system (endocannabinoid system), it looks as if it has been created for us, nevertheless the question arises whether CBD has side effects. And if so, which one? Under which circumstances? And at what dose?

Life-threatening risks for dogs from medical cannabis are “exceedingly rare,” Richter says, adding that toxicity more often occurs when a pet has eaten a product that contains chocolate, coffee, or raisins. “Even if the THC toxicity is not excessive, they can sometimes have problems due to these other ingredients.” That said, ingestion of large amounts of marijuana has been fatal in a number of dogs, so preventing overdoses with medical cannabis is still extremely important, warns Dr. Jennifer Coates, a veterinary advisor with petMD.

You may be asking yourself; why? CBD oil can treat many things, starting from chronic pain to anxiety. As a result, it has won the hearts of many users, and different states are legalizing it every day. Thanks to the advent in technology, there are various CDB oils available in the market today. To get the right one that sorts your need, you need knowledge about CDB oils. Continue reading for insight and a review of the best 10 CBD oils.
For example, the first study into the benefits of cannabis in veterans with otherwise untreatable post-traumatic stress disorder is beginning in 2017, but only after the researchers involved struggled through years of red tape and put their careers at risk in order to do promote the need for this vital research. Fortunately, their work, and that of others like them, have begun to peel back the bureaucracy preventing scientific research.
In many industrialized countries, chronic pain has gotten regarded as a public issue. If you have ever experienced pain, then you know that it’s not a good thing. In many countries and across cultures, cannabis has been used for centuries to treat and maintain pain. But within the previous few years, the number of people using CBD oil for treating pain skyrocketed. A fact is that its effectiveness led to its increase in usage, and becoming more popular with many people. Even the number of medical professionals recommending the use of cannabinoid for managing pain has gone up.
This method proved successful for years, but high-strength concentrates would sometimes crystallise and clog the very small orifice through which the oil was to be delivered. Recognising the issue and the fact that most customers needed a higher dose to be delivered quickly, CannabiGold further developed its packaging to launch a side nozzle. This pump can deliver a higher dose of the oil (4 times what it used to) in one go and do it very easily under the tongue, without having to use a mirror to ensure one is getting the right number of drops. The easy dropper technology has boosted the good reputation of the already popular cylinder bottles because they’re easy and safe to use wherever you go with no leaking and a very convenient pocket size. Each of their 12g bottles now contains 100 pumps (full doses) of CBD, making it the easiest and most convenient system available, truly suitable for all use, including travel. Visit the CannabiGold collection.
Success stories like Oliver’s are everywhere, but there’s not a lot of data to back up those results. That’s because CBD comes from cannabis and, like nearly all other parts of the plant, is categorized by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) as a Schedule 1 drug—the most restrictive classification. (Others on that list: heroin, Ecstasy, and peyote.) This classification, which cannabis advocates have tried for years to change, keeps cannabis-derived products, including CBD, from being properly studied in the U.S.
What you gain from Full Spectrum CBD is called the “entourage effect.” Studies have suggested that CBD is most effective when it’s combined with other cannabinoids. Each cannabinoid has its own properties and confers its own benefits. Working together, a synergy is created that boosts the healing properties of CBD. Full spectrum CBD does, however, bring with it the sticky issue of THC. The government regulates concentration levels of THC at 0.3 percent, an amount which results in minimal psychoactivity.
As a Colorado certified hemp, it is grown and manufactured in the United States of America. It is free of GMO, pesticides, chemical fertilizers, and herbicides, making it a top-notch product. Hemp Oil Drops contains high bioavailability potent, explaining why it makes you feel better quickly. The oil is a full spectrum supplement of 2500mg 10x formula. It has many functions like the reduction of anxiety, eases the pain, and boosts metabolism. Thanks to the natural oil extracted from hemp in this product. It is rich in 6 fatty acids and Omega 3 that helps in skin regeneration and tone. It also improves nails’ quality, dehydrates scalp and hair, and strengthens hair.

It’s not surprising that Provacan was voted number one on our updated list of best CBD oils in the UK. Their potent CBD formula and cutting-edge extraction technology has allowed them to produce a product that is literally second to none. Furthermore, Provacan is backed by a powerhouse in the cannabis research industry, known as CiiTECH, which allows them to constantly improve their CBD extraction based on scientific findings and results.
There are thousands of pharmaceutical drugs that utilize the CYP3A4 enzyme to take effect within the body. Therefore, it is wise to seek medical advice prior to taking CBD in conjunction with any medication, and ask about your medication’s reactions specifically. Even so, some of the most common pharmaceutical drugs that may induce a non-favorable reaction with CBD are as follows:

Physically, the ECS is one of the most significant systems in the human body. It is made up of thousands of neurological receptors throughout the brain and body, all passing messages to one another in order for the body to function. The ECS is known to be responsible for a variety of motor functions, immune system functions, and nervous system functions as well. Through this intricate network of receptors, various enzymes, proteins, and other components pass signals to and from one another, thus helping us to physically adapt to changes.


One of the best things about the Good Hemp website is the huge number of recipes on offer. Obviously, each dish contains Good Hemp ingredients, but with a menu including meat & fish, vegetarian meals, desserts, starters, shakes and a few treats, it offers everything you need to follow a healthy and balanced diet. If things seem a little expensive, you can usually find a Good Hemp coupon available online.
Lab results for these products can be found on our Lab Results page.   You should also check our our Beginners Guide to CBD and our FAQ sections of the site for more information about vaping CBD Oil.   Keep checking back often, we update our CBD E-Liquid and Vape products often.  We run regular sales too, so share your favorites with your friends via social media!
It is one of the most significant natural supplement available in the market today. House of Healing Hemp Oil contains 83.3mg of high-quality hemp oil supplement. If the natural plant-like taste s not your thing, then you need not to worry about House of Healing Hemp Oil. It comes with a sweet tropical flavor. Loaded with six fatty acids and 3 Omega acids, the benefits associated with this CBD oil are enormous. It is famous for its anti-inflammatory properties.

So how does it work? Scientists are still working out the details of how CBD works to calm the mind, though it seems that its effects on serotonin and glutamate production are part of that equation. This comprehensive 2015 review of scientific literature on CBD as a potential treatment for anxiety concluded that CBD has considerable potential and strongly recommended further study.
Though the above side effects are known to be characteristic of CBD, it is important to note that patients have stated that these effects were moderate and very infrequent. Considering the long list of side effects in the most common pharmaceuticals being prescribed, CBD as a standalone treatment seems to be a much healthier alternative to that of a manufactured drug.

It’s a premium hemp oil for pain relief. It comes as a supplement for stress relief, pain and anxiety. Ultra High Strength Hemp Oil relieves pain from your entire body such as in the joints, back, and muscles. You don’t need to worry about value for your money; the product comes with full money back guarantee if you do not like the oil. All ingredients used are natural and organic with high-functioning anti-inflammatory properties. The taste is excellent, as the oil gets blended with natural flavors and MTC coconut oil.


We don't get many returns, so we don't require any forms or documents; just be sure to include something with your name or order number so that we know which order to refund. We offer a 30-day return period for all our products if they are returned to us unopened and unused. Also, for many of our products, such as PurCBD and PurOtic, we offer a 30-day money back guarantee even if they are opened and completely used.


CBD has been in the news before, as a possible treatment for epilepsy. Research is still in its early days. Researchers are testing how much CBD is able to reduce the number of seizures in people with epilepsy, as well as how safe it is. The American Epilepsy Society states that cannabidiol research offers hope for seizure disorders, and that research is currently being conducted to better understand safe use.
Aura CBD oil actually comes from a well-known and respected brand based in California, but it has a strong presence in the UK with a London office, and currently ships to residential addresses throughout the United Kingdom. Over the last year or so the brand has taken big steps to cement their presence on the UK CBD market, and is now offering high-potency hemp pastes, CBD edibles, and CBD skincare products in addition to their range of top-class CBD tinctures.
To make matters more confusing, nine states (including California, Washington, and Colorado) let residents buy cannabis-based products with or without THC. Nearly two dozen other “medical marijuana states” allow the sale of cannabis, including capsules, tinctures, and other items containing CBD or THC, at licensed dispensaries to people whose doctors have certified that they have an approved condition (the list varies by state but includes chronic pain, PTSD, cancer, autism, Crohn’s disease, and multiple sclerosis). Sixteen more states legalized CBD for certain diseases. 

Hemp oil does have a number of uses and is often marketed as a cooking oil or a product that is good for moisturizing the skin. It is also used in the production of certain soaps, shampoos, and foods. It is also a basic ingredient for bio-fuel and even a more sustainable form of plastic. Hemp has been cultivated and used for roughly 10,000 years, and it definitely has useful purposes. However, a lack of cannabinoids, namely CBD, means that it has little therapeutic value.
What if there was a treatment that had positive benefits for nearly all patients, and with minimal side effects? As cannabidiol becomes increasingly researched and better understood, it’s very apparent that it is a better alternative to many modern medications. Not only is CBD completely natural as a cannabinoid and is proven to aid in an array of serious symptoms, it carries very little after effects as compared to most pharmaceutical drugs.
CBD oils may contain some THC. Cannabis may impair your ability to drive safely or operate equipment and may have short- and long-term effects on your memory, attention, mood, heart rate, and mental health. It is also easy to overconsume CBD oil, so it's important to start with a low dose, as it may take several hours or longer to begin to feel the effects after consumption.
After using the cbd oil i started having chest pain in my right chest. even was put in the hospital over it thanking it was a hard attack. The pain spreed to other parts of my body. Thanking CBD oil was safe i did not give it much thought. I quit using it. And the pain ouit. Every time I tried it the pain came back. I gave some to my son and He had pain In The places as I had it. The pain was so sever that I could hardly breath. delt with the pain for 3 monts. Would have rather died than have to live with the pain. I know that everybody has a diffrent metabolism but just wondering if any body else had the same experance?
CBD hemp oil is the product derived from the hemp plant, which is high in CBD (cannabidiol) and low in THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). This oil has received a large amount of attention in recent years, due to the growing wave of marijuana legislation and debate in many countries, including the United States. While cannabis and smoking marijuana (which often has a high level of the psychotropic compound THC) is still illegal in many places, as more is being learned about CBD, and its potential effects on health, it is becoming more and more accepted as a legal and safe remedy for a wide variety of health conditions. Since it has a minimal amount of the psychotropic compound THC, use of this oil does not result in a traditional “high”, so its effects are generally considered therapeutic, not mind-altering.
More human studies are needed to fully understand the range of risks and side effects that CBD oil may cause. Studies of CBD oil aren’t common. This is partially because Schedule 1 substances like cannabis are highly regulated, causing some obstacles for researchers. With the legalization of marijuana products, more research is possible, and more answers will come.

Your nose and taste symptoms sound similar to a smell disorder. Parosmia and Phantosmia sometimes can happen from colds or sinusitis. You could lose you sense of smell or start smelling things that aren’t there from damage to the olfactory nerve. Other possible causes are post concussion syndrome, temporal lobe epilepsy, and early stages of Parkinson’s disease and dementia. In any case, you should get this checked out with a doctor to rule out the serious stuff. I have been living with Phantosmia for seven years from a concussion. I use a pure CBD extract with no added oils – it does taste like crap so I put it in food.
CO2 extraction is one of the most common ways CBD is extracted from the hemp or cannabis plants. This method uses expensive equipment that adjusts temperature and pressure to extract the cannabinoids from the plant material, without damaging them. The other common method is to use solvents like ethanol or butane to extract the plant material. These solvents have to be burned off the final product which may damage the cannabinoids or terpenes in the process. There is also a risk that these solvents may not have burned off completely and could end up in your end product.
Even though high-strength CBD oils are more expensive than lower concentrates, they work out to be more cost-effective and longer-lasting because you’ll need fewer drops to obtain the same effect. For example, a single drop of Love Hemp’s 40% CBD oil contains 20mg of CBD, that is 4 times more than a 10% tincture, which provides just 5mg per drop. If you’re looking to take a high dose, stronger concentrates will also make it easier to achieve your desired dose (fewer drops to count!).

Vaping is one of the most bioavailable methods in delivering CBD throughout the body. During inhalation, CBD enters through the lungs and diffuses directly into the circulatory system. In contrast to the 30-60 minutes it generally takes for an edible to kick in, the timely efficiency of vaping is vastly superior. And while we’re comparing CBD edibles to CBD vapes, consider this: the same beneficial effects can be achieved with a much smaller amount of CBD by vaping. The CBD transfer from lungs to bloodstream is far more efficient than sending CBD through the liver where its absorbed and broken down by enzymes – a process that can remove the potency of cannabidiol.
The science behind CBD is in the relatively early stages. As a cannabinoid, we know that CBD interacts with receptors in your endocannabinoid system. The endocannabinoid system is integrated throughout your body — and this widespread, whole-body interaction creates a broad range of effects. Hence, the long list of possible benefits.   We may still be in the early stages of discovery, but there’s plenty of scientific studies and anecdotal evidence that CBD provides relief for an array of ailments. Here’s a non-exhaustive list of some potential benefits of CBD oil:
In many industrialized countries, chronic pain has gotten regarded as a public issue. If you have ever experienced pain, then you know that it’s not a good thing. In many countries and across cultures, cannabis has been used for centuries to treat and maintain pain. But within the previous few years, the number of people using CBD oil for treating pain skyrocketed. A fact is that its effectiveness led to its increase in usage, and becoming more popular with many people. Even the number of medical professionals recommending the use of cannabinoid for managing pain has gone up.
I have stage 4 kidney disease and struggle with congestive heart disease. My friend offered me some CBD oil and I decided what the hell, I’m 52 and dying. I stopped smoking using a JUUL vaper. I now refill my pods myself with 18% ECBlend Caranilla juice made locally in Oregon. I mix 10 drops of CBD to my refill of the Caranilla juice. I’ll keep you informed on what effects my blood tests show as I pray the oil helps pull up my renal functions.
Another incredible property of the CBD oil is its’ ability to counteract pain and inflammation. CBD oil’s pain fighting properties are so powerful such that it’s even used as a pain remedy for the advanced stage cancer patients. A 2012 research study published in Journal of Experimental Medicine revealed that CBD oil helps suppress neurophatic pain and chronic inflammatory without causing any analgesic tolerance. The study suggests that CBD interacts with the brain receptors. The receptors which are attached to the cells all throughout the body, receive the chemical signals from certain stimuli, and in turn create pain killing and anti inflammatory effects. CBD can also disrupt the activity of the pain receptors, and instead causes the release of neurotransmitters like serotonin and dopamine which erase pain and discomfort. This is why CBD oil is commonly recommended for all kinds of pain, ranging from lower back pain, to the full body agony caused by cancer.

As illustrated above, Hemp Oil Drops comes with many benefits, unlike other oils. It has managed to rank on top as the best CBD oil in the market for pain, anxiety, and the entire wellbeing of the body. The fact that almost everyone can afford it makes it accessible to many people. The hemp oil is Colorado certified, guaranteeing safety and quality. If you are looking for a reliable CBD oil, you might need to try out Hemp Oil Drops.

I have been taking 50 Mg daily CBD oil with morphine (MS Contin) for almost 5 months with no problems. I actually have been able to decrease my morphine dosage to 2 times a day instead of 3 due to considerably less pain. I have also stopped taking every oral prescription med except the morphine. My morphine dosage was only 15 mg 3 times which is considered low. I sleep better, feel calmer, am not cold all the time and I hope to be able to discontinue the morphine. I live in a state that has legalized marijuana so I hope to grow some low THC to harvest my own oil.
Another huge benefit of CBD oil is its’ apparent effect on tumor and cancer growth. A 2006 research study published in Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics revealed that CBD oil potently inhibited growth of different tumor cell lines. The antioxidants present in CBD also provide anti-mutagenic properties and help lower the user’s risk of cancer. The cannabinoids compounds in the oil have the ability to directly target the cancer cells, causing a reduced spread rate and also higher cancer cell death rate.
Unlike THC, CBD will not make you high. That said, this doesn’t mean CBD is not at all psychoactive, as many assert, says Jahan Marcu, PhD, director of experimental pharmacology and behavior at the International Research Center on Cannabis and Mental Health in New York City: “CBD does change cognition. It affects mood, which is why people take it for anxiety. And some find that it makes them more alert.”
Scott Shannon, MD, assistant clinical professor at the University of Colorado, recently sifted through patient charts from his four-doctor practice to document CBD’s effects on anxiety. His study, as yet unpublished, found “a fairly rapid decrease in anxiety scores that appears to persist for months,” he says. But he says he can’t discount a placebo effect, especially since “there’s a lot of hype right now.”
For example, the first study into the benefits of cannabis in veterans with otherwise untreatable post-traumatic stress disorder is beginning in 2017, but only after the researchers involved struggled through years of red tape and put their careers at risk in order to do promote the need for this vital research. Fortunately, their work, and that of others like them, have begun to peel back the bureaucracy preventing scientific research.
A study published by David Cheng, Postdoctoral Scientist, Neuroscience Research, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia, says that CBD has a potential as a preventive measure against symptoms of Alzheimer’s. This presents yet another exciting development for medical researchers, given the persistent challenges to finding effective solutions for this condition.
CBD plays a major role in the immune system modulation which basically means that it helps in auto-immune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic progressive disease which causes inflammation in joints, resulting in painful deformity, and at times immobility in the fingers, feet, wrists, and ankles. Because to it’s anti inflammatory effects, CBD oil provides relief of joint pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis, and can also decrease joint destruction.
As per usual, I simply had to try the gummies and, in this case, each one contains 25mg of CBD which is more than enough for a daily serving. Each bottle has 20 gummies for $35, and if you’re taking CBD for the first time, it may be wise to try half or even a quarter of one. Ingredients include grape juice concentrate, organic corn syrup, and citric acid. I tried these an hour before bed, and I can tell you that I slept like a well-fed baby.
@ Donna I’ve have been using products from a new company who teamed up with a biotechnology company who has been extracting oil and they have a proprietary extraction method that allows for nanotechnology. Meaning particles are broken down small enough to pass through your liver and you reap better results. I have been in chronic pain for different issues since an automobile accident and I must say since May I have not only been taking my oils buy I now putting hemp into my like with hemp hearts and hemp based shakes. Which is allowing me to get a balanced omega 3,6,9 and bunch of amino acids are body needs. Put hemp in your step and get healthy with out the hi. My name us Norina Lelii friend me on face book would love to educate more on this marvelous plant.
A study published by David Cheng, Postdoctoral Scientist, Neuroscience Research, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia, says that CBD has a potential as a preventive measure against symptoms of Alzheimer’s. This presents yet another exciting development for medical researchers, given the persistent challenges to finding effective solutions for this condition.

Each bottle contains 200 drops, and Provacan recently increased the size of the larger option by 20%. If you choose the 1200mg option, you receive 6mg of CBD per drop in the 10ml bottle. The company has also boosted the terpene profile of its oil along with levels of additional cannabinoids, including CBG, CBC, THCa, and CBDv – all non-psychoactive compounds that do not produce a high.
Pioneers of the CBD industry, 4 Corners Cannabis helped pave the way for companies that want to provide quality products and utilize best practices. They grow their own strain of hemp and make small batches of true full-spectrum CBD products. Their prices place them lower down on our ranking, but their highly satisfied customers are more than willing to pay for the 4 Corners quality.  
Another major reason why CBD oil has been positively received in some parts of the medical community is its apparent effect on cancer and tumor growth.A study done by the researchers of the Institute of Toxicology and Pharmacology, University of Rostock, Germany recommends the use of CBD oil (even direct injection into tumors) to eliminate or reduce the size of the tumors. The antioxidants in CBD hemp oil also provide anti-mutagenic properties and lower users’ risk of cancer.
Disclosure: Bear in mind that some of the links in this post are affiliate links and if you go through them to make a purchase CertaPet.com may earn a commission. Keep in mind that we link these companies and their products because of their quality and not because of the commission we receive from your purchases. The decision is yours, and whether or not you decide to buy something is completely up to you.

There’s no definite amount that’s appropriate for everyone, but the ratio of CBD to THC will indicate how psychoactive the product is and if it’s legal in your state. The more CBD compared with THC, the less of a high, and vice versa. “Managing psychoactivity is key to successful cannabis therapy,” says Lee. “Amounts should be made clear on the label and lab-certified so people know what’s helping them and what’s not.”
Medical professionals  and the FDA do advise that patients avoid citrus fruits, in particular grapefruit, when taking certain medications. Especially true of heart medications, grapefruit juice has nearly the exact same reaction to the CYP3A4 enzyme as CBD. When taken in conjunction with some medications, grapefruit juice can either decrease or increase the potency of the drug, through its reactions to the CYP3A4 enzyme.

We work hard to provide you with the best selection of CBD Vape Oil products from the best brands out there. You’ll find some of the best deals on CBD E-Juices and E-Liquids available right here.  We carry brands like Americana Uncut, For the People, Hemp Bombs, Pure CBD, Hempzilla, and many more.  Fast Shipping to all 50 US States.  When you need CBD E-Liquid for your vaporizer, remember Pure CBD Vapors – Your Trusted CBD Source!
No, absolutely not. We source exclusively from 100% organic farms, so this is never an issue. Even though none of our ingredients have ever been exposed to pesticides, we still routinely have our phytocannabinoid oil tested by a third party for potency and the presence of any toxins/pesticides. You can see the results on the certificate of analysis found on our website.
House of Healing Hemp Oil gets manufactured in the United States of America. The facility where it gets made is approved by FDA, meaning the resulting product gets made from the finest ingredients. The oil boosts the cardiovascular health, relieves anxiety and calms you down. For useful results, it gets recommended that you take at least one full dropper daily. Every bottle lasts you approximately one month. You need not worry about your hard earned money; the manufacturers guarantee the return of the total amount if not satisfied with the results.

It’s a premium hemp oil for pain relief. It comes as a supplement for stress relief, pain and anxiety. Ultra High Strength Hemp Oil relieves pain from your entire body such as in the joints, back, and muscles. You don’t need to worry about value for your money; the product comes with full money back guarantee if you do not like the oil. All ingredients used are natural and organic with high-functioning anti-inflammatory properties. The taste is excellent, as the oil gets blended with natural flavors and MTC coconut oil.
Another thing to keep in mind is that the majority of CBD vape juice can be taken orally, unlike CBD made for consumption, which obviously can’t be vaped. Certain CBD e-liquids are already mixed, but there are a lot of them that are actually clean. The core benefit from using such juices is the fact that you get all the medical benefits from cannabis but completely avoid the side effects.
While many products derived from cannabis are still illegal in the USA, CBD use is protected by several state laws. As the legal distinctions remain as confusing as ever, research has shown cannabidiol products to be used for medicinal use. Because of its difficult-to-understand legality, there’s still much research to be done to investigate CBD side effects.
I am new to taking CBD oil. I am getting sever chest pain and stomach pains after taking. I am looking for knowledgeable accurate accountable info on where to get top quality CBD oil. I find it helps with my anger, anxiety and depression. I am hoping it will help with my muscle weakness and inflammation but I feel I will have to stop taking it becasue of the side effects. I am simply looking for exceptional quality and ingredients. I am currently using Canntrust product and its carrier is MCT oil I believe. I could really use some advice. I don’t want to go back to having to take steroids. Please help. (Also, I am in Ontario, Canada)
×